HIV and infectious diseases
More than 35 million people are currently living with HIV and about one million people die of AIDS-related diseases every year. Other infectious diseases such as TB, malaria or hepatitis C are similarly devastating. Although Sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe and Central Asia are the most affected regions, international mobility makes these communicable diseases a concern for global public health. Specific groups who are often marginalized in society are often more prone to infection and less likely to access services. Infectious diseases are therefore as much a human rights issue as a matter of public health. But there is also hope: joint efforts of governments, communities and international partners have led to a decline in new HIV infections by over a third since 2000, and around 16 million people now have access to live-saving anti-retroviral treatment.
Efforts of German Development Cooperation in this area include:
- HIV-specific bilateral programmes in a number of countries focus on multi-sectoral approaches to prevention; for example, by bringing the health and education sectors together to educate and empower young people to stay free of HIV.
- Germany is one of the leading funders of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and of Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance. Both international partnerships provide support to countries facing high burdens or risks of infectious diseases.
- A key priority for Germany is to integrate interventions on specific diseases such as HIV into broader health systems and interventions on sexual and reproductive health and rights.
Selected readings from the Healthy DEvelopments portal
- Germany’s Contribution to a Sustainable HIV Response (Position paper, BMZ, 2012)
- Strategy to contain HIV, Hepatitis B and C and other sexually transmitted infections (BMG and BMZ, 2016)
- Coming of age: Fifteen years of the Join-In Circuit on AIDS, Love and Sexuality (Case study, GHPC, 2015)
- A boost to sexual health and rights for a new generation (In Focus article, 2015)
- Stopping AIDS fatigue among students: Future Beats (In Focus article, 2015)
- Counselling youth by mobile phone: A South African loveLife HIV prevention programme (Case study, GHPC, 2014)
- The Tangled Lives of Philip Wetu: A Namibian story about life choices and HIV (Case study, GHPC, 2014)
- Addressing sexual health and HIV in school: Four initiatives from Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America (Case study, GHPC, 2011)
- The German Approach to HIV Mainstreaming: Effective development work in a time of HIV (Case study, GHPC, 2011)
- 'Aunties' for sexual health and non-violence: How unwed young mothers become advocates, teachers and counsellors in Cameroon (Case study, GHPC, 2011)
- More than just good business: Employee Wellbeing Programmes in Ghana (Case study, GHPC, 2012)
- Employee Wellness Programme - Peer Educator Manual (GIZ Zimbabwe, 2013)
- A Decade of German Support for Workplace Health (GIZ, 2012)
- Reproductive, maternal and child health and nutrition (with further HIV-related publications)
- Opioid substitution therapy brings stability to the lives of people who inject drugs in Nepal (Case study, GHPC, 2016)
HIV and infectious diseases on other German Development Cooperation websites
- BMZ: HIV and AIDS
- GIZ HIV and tuberculosis - external link, new window
- KfW: Infectious diseases - external link, new window
- Together we shine: youth health development in Namibia’s Ohangwena region (18 minutes, GIZ Namibia, 2016)
- Harm reduction for drug users in Nepal (2 videos of 3 and 15 minutes, GIZ Nepal, 2016)
- We have feelings too! Listening to sex workers in Zimbabwe (10 minutes, GIZ Zimbabwe, 2011)