Content

The rationale

How population dynamics shapes development – and vice versa

How population dynamics shapes development – and vice versa

Population dynamics is the way in which populations change over time in terms of size, composition and geographical distribution. Demographic trends such as population growth, changes in age structure, migration and urbanisation impact in numerous ways on societies and their potential for development. Socio-economic developments in turn can affect population dynamics. This is why German development cooperation regards population dynamics as a factor which must be taken into account in supporting sustainable development processes. What opportunities and challenges does population dynamics present?

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Handbook

The world of population dynamics

A population dynamics compendium for German development cooperation

This compendium is a practical guide for taking population dynamics into account in programme and policy planning, building on tried and tested approaches from German development cooperation. Readers are supported in identifying and working with the opportunities and challenges that demographic changes can present.

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Population Trends

People gathering along the river in Naga City, Philippines

Global and regional population trends

Country-specific and global population trends such as migration and urbanisation are apparent in changing birth and death rates and in changes in populations’ age and gender structures. At different times and at their own pace, all countries pass through the so-called demographic transition, facing opportunities and challenges along the way.

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Approaches

Integrating population dynamics in development cooperation

Integrating population dynamics in development cooperation

Population trends present challenges as well as opportunities for development. In order to harness this demographic potential and both recognise and deal effectively with challenges, population dynamics needs to be systematically taken into account as a cross-cutting issue. German development cooperation has developed a number of practical approaches with which it supports its partner countries in integrating population dynamics into policy and programme planning, including through a multisectoral approach, data collection and use, and capacity development.

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Sectors

Population dynamics in specific sectors

Population dynamics in specific sectors

 A country’s population dynamics is interlinked with development sectors such as health and education. Demographic changes have an impact on the population’s needs and require adjustments in the different sectors. Developments in specific sectors can in turn influence a country’s population dynamics.

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Population data

Demographic data for development planning

Demographic data for development planning

Demographic data are at the heart of population dynamics because they are the concrete basis that make it possible to observe demographic trends in a country. Although data gaps persist, digitalisation is boosting the efficiency of analysis and of sources such as censuses, surveys and birth and death records.

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