To reopen – and stay open – schools around the world must translate strict hygiene standards into everyday practice. Indonesia is showing how simple checklists can help school communities do this. Other countries, like Malawi, are adapting the same approach.
In rapidly growing cities in Africa and Asia, the sanitation needs of the very poorest are often neglected – to the detriment of public health. By visualising how excreta is managed as it moves through a city, Shit Flow Diagrams can help municipal authorities to prioritise investments where they are needed most.
With infinite gentleness, the life-giving needle is slid into the microscopic vein, the oxygen mask placed over the gasping mouth and nose. The flutter in the tiny chest becomes stronger, the monitor now showing a regular heartbeat. Another baby saved at Mbeya Regional Referral Hospital – and the dedicated staff of the neonatal care unit (NCU) for at-risk newborns can now themselves take a deep breath and relax.